First Principles Teaching Series Lesson II 



Scripture: Romans 1: 16

For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.



What is the gospel?

The gospel is the means by which God demonstrates His glorious power to bring about salvation. This is illustrated in 1 Corinthians 15:

1Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;

By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

Benefits of Salvation

The Hebrew and Greek word for salvation implies the ideas of deliverance, safety, health, healing, help, victory, defense and preservation.

Salvation is the all-inclusive word of the gospel, gathering into itself, all the redemptive acts and processes such as:

Justification:  To declare righteous.               Rom. 4: 25; 5: 1, 18

Redemption:  Bought with a price.               Eph. 1: 7, 14; Heb. 9: 12, 15

Grace:              Unmerited and undeserved favor.       Eph. 2: 8

Propitiation:    Substitute.       Rom. 3: 25; 1 Jn. 2: 2; 4: 10

Imputation:     To be reckoned or put to the account of one. To transfer.     Rom 4

Forgiveness:    To pardon.      1 Jn. 1: 9; Rom. 4: 7

Sanctification:  Set apart.        1 Cor. 1: 30; 2 Th. 2: 13; 1 Pet. 1: 2

Glorification:  Praise, brilliance, magnificence, exaltation.     1 Pet. 1: 7; 2 Pet. 1: 3


* Ways in which salvation is used:


  1. Deliverance from danger (Ex. 14)
  2. Victory over enemies (1 Sam. 14)
  3. Healing of the body (Acts 3:6; 4:12)
  4. Forgiveness of sin (Lk. 19:9; Rom. 10:9-10; Ps. 38:18-22; 51:1-13; 79:9)
  5. Freedom from prison (Phil. 1:19)
  6. Deliverance from captivity (Ps. 14)
  7. Deliverance from wrath (1 Th. 5:9)


* Salvation from sin is demonstrated through:

1. Repentance toward God   Acts 20:21

  1. Confession (Rom. 10: 9; 1 Jn. 1: 9)
  2. Grace through faith (Eph. 2:8-9)
  3. Sanctification of the Spirit and
  4. Belief of the truth (2 Th. 2:13)
  5. Godly sorrow (2 Cor. 7:10)
  6. Faith in His blood (Rom. 3:25)
  7. Faith in His name (Acts 4:12)


# Salvation is in three tenses:

  1. The Christian has been saved from the guilt and penalty of sin (Lk. 7:50; 1 Cor. 1:18; 2 Cor. 2:15; Eph. 2:5, 8; 2 Tim. 1:9) and is safe.
  2. The Christian is being saved from the habit and dominion of sin (Rom. 6:14; 8:2; 2 Cor. 3:18; Gal. 2:19-20; Phil. 1:19; 2:12-13; 2 Th. 2:13)
  3. The Christian will be saved at the Lord’s return, from all the bodily infirmities that are a result of sin and God’s curse upon the sinful world (Rom. 8:18-23; 1 Cor. 15:42-44), and brought into entire conformity to Christ (Rom. 13:11; Heb. 10:36; 1 Pet. 1:5; 1 Jn. 3:2).


Salvation is by grace through faith, is a free gift and wholly without works (Rom. 3:27-28; 4:1-8; 6:23; Eph. 2:8). The divine order is: first salvation, then works (Eph. 2:9-10; Titus 3:5-8).


Bonus:  Jesus and Nicodemus

John 3: 1-21

Verse 5

Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.


John 3:5 - The water symbolizes baptism, which is an outright sign of an inward change. Further, it speaks of a continual washing that is done through the ministry of Jesus. The Spirit is the Holy Spirit and he is the Agent that performs the work of salvation in the believer. Understand that baptism does not save from sin, but is strictly a sign of the confession of faith that the believer professes in Jesus and an ordinance of the Church.


Ephesians 5:26 - Christ loves the church and sanctifies it by the washing of water “by the word”.


John 15:3 - Clean through the word spoken unto them. The word does not forgive sins, but leads the individual to the provision for the cleansing of sin, which is the shed blood of Jesus.


John 13:10      (read verses 5-12 for better understanding) - The washing of the saint’s feet reveals the necessary washing of the saint that is done in sanctification (set apart). This act symbolizes Jesus’ daily work on the saint.


John 17:17 - The believers are sanctified or set apart by the truth of God’s word. By obeying the word, we are then walking in the truth, which evidences the fact that we are indeed born of the water and Spirit.


For your edification: - Sanctification is the process of God’s working upon the believer, after they have believed on Jesus through faith. Sanctification means to be set apart from sin and unto God. So it is two-fold, from sin and unto God. The Holy Spirit’s work during sanctification is to deliver the saint from the power, control and dominion of sin, Romans 6:14


The Fiery Serpent on the Pole

Verses 14 - 17

And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the son of man be lifted up:

That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.


Numbers 21: 1 – 9      (Gen. 3: 14 - The curse on the serpent)

John 8:28; 12: 32 – 34; 1 Pet. 2: 24


*    Adapted from The Dake Annotated Reference Bible

#    Adapted from Oxford NIV Scofield Study Bible

Lesson 3: How to Have a Victorious Christian Life