Outline of Exodus
THE EXODUS (chapters 1-18)
PROJECTED THROUGH MOSES
expansion in Egypt (1:1-12).
oppression by Egypt (1:13-22).
preparation in Egypt (2:1-15).
preparation in Midian (2:16-25).
New Message from YAHWEH (3:1-4:17)
New Mission of Moses (4:18-31.
OBSTRUCTED BY PHARAOH (chapters
8 requests – 5:1-3; 7:10; 7:15-18; 8:1-4; 8:20-23; 9:1-4; 9:13-19; 10:1-6.
8 refusals – 5:2; 7:13; 7:22-23; 8:15,19; 8:32; 9:7,12; 9:34-35;
10 requitals – 7:20; 8:6; 8:16; 8:24; 9:3; 9:10; 9:22; 10:12; 10:21; 11:5.
EFFECTED BY YAHWEH
Goshen to the Sea of Reeds
Passover and memorials (12:1-13:16).
leading out of Israel (13:17-22).
Through the Sea of Reeds
pursuit of Israel (14:1-12)
saved: pursuers dead (14:13-31).
Sea of Reeds to Sinai
month: to Desert (15:1-16:1).
weeks: To Sinai (16:1-18:27).
THE LAW (Chapters 19-24)
Governing Moral Life (chapters
Terms of the Sinai Covenant Submitted (19:3-6).
Terms of the Sinai Covenant Accepted (19:7-8).
2 parties to the Covenant meet (1.) Israel (19:9-17).
2 parties to the Covenant meet (2.) YAHWEH (19:18-25)
10 commands – the Preamble to the Covenant (20:1-17).
alter of soil – outward symbol of Covenant (20:18-26).
Governing Social Life
- Concerning Masters, slaves, and servants (21:1-11).
- Concerning physical injuries (21:12-36).
- Concerning property rights (22:1-15).
- Concerning various wicked practices (22:16-23:9)
- Concerning Sabbaths and Feasts (festivals) (23:10-19).
- Concerning national relationships (23:20-33).
Governing Religious Life
The Tabernacle (Chapters 25-40)
DESIGNED (Chapters 25-31)
- Ark—table—menorah (Chapter 25)
- Curtains—boards—veils (chapter26)
- Alter—hangings—oil (Chapter 27)
- Priests’ garments and consecration (Chapters 28-29)
- Incense alter—laver—anointing oil (Chapter 30)
- The workmen—the Sabbath sign (Chapter 31)
DELAYED (Chapters 32-34)
- Israel’s lapse into idolatry (Ex.32:1-14)
- Corrective judgment (Ex.32:15-29)
- Intercession of Moses (Ex.32:30-35)
- Israel rebuked and tested (Ex.33:1-11)
- Moses reassured (EX.32:12-23)
- The further 40 days in the Mountain (Chapter 34)
used (Chapter 35)
and hangings (Chapter 36)
furniture (Chapters 37-38)
Tabernacle erected (Ex.39:32-40:33)
filled with Divine presence (Ex.40:34-38)
Note on the name Sea of Reeds:
translation of this name as "Red Sea" comes from the sea's Greek name
in the Septuagint (LXX) and elsewhere. The Red Sea on today's maps is farther
south, below the Sinai Peninsula. But the title Red Sea in ancient times may
very well have covered both the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba (see
Deu.1:1; 1Ki.9:26). The name "Sea of Reeds" in the UVB and various
English versions (usually in the form of a marginal note) and commentaries
reflects the meaning of the Hebrew word סוּף a word for reedy water plants
(Exo.2:3; Exo.2:5; Isa.19:6; Jon.2:6 [Eng. Exo.13:5]) that may have a
connection with an Egyptian word used for papyrus and other marsh plants. On
this basis some have taken the term Yam Suph as perhaps referring to Lake
Menzaleh or Lake Ballah, which have abundant reeds, north of the extension of
the Red Sea on the western side of Sinai. Whatever exact body of water is
meant, it was not merely a marshy swamp that the people waded through, but a
body of water large enough to make passage impossible without divine
intervention, and deep enough to drown the Egyptian army. Lake Menzaleh has
always been deep enough to preclude passage on foot (E. H. Merrill, Government
of Priests, 66). Among the many sources dealing with the geography, see B.
F. Batto, "The Reed Sea: Requiescat in Pace," JBL 102 (1983):
27-35; M. Waxman, "I Miss the Red Sea," Conservative Judaism
18 (1963): 35-44; G. Coats, "The Sea Tradition in the Wilderness Theme: A
Review," JSOT 12 (1979): 2-8; and K. A. Kitchen, On the
Reliability of the Old Testament, 261-63.